Juba  (Arabic: جوبا), sometimes spelled Joba, is the pseudonym of an anonymous sniper involved in the Iraqi insurgency, featured in several videos. The second of these videos shows Juba to have shot 37 American soldiers. Juba became a folk hero among many Iraqis due to his role in fighting against the American military in Iraq. It is speculated Juba is not a single person, but a name attached to multiple individuals.
Juba became famous after online videos were released.
Juba worked in mostly Sunni parts of Iraq, specifically the Anbar province. Juba’s videos were low quality, but showed real battle scenes with background nasheeds. In many videos, Juba is seen killing multiple American soldiers with what seems to be a Dragunov sniper rifle. Juba is seen killing at ranges of few hundred meters to approximately a thousand meters in the videos.
Juba was allegedly murdered by Islamic State in 2013 or 2014.
Several video clips which allegedly show the actions of Juba have been circulated over the Internet. Videos included parts of the actual clips taken during anti-US sniper operations with digital cameras mounted over the sniper rifle.
In November 2005, a video which was circulating in Iraq appeared on the Internet. The video, attributed to the Sunni insurgent group Islamic Army in Iraq, showed American soldiers being shot and falling to the ground. The video starts with a man saying, “I have nine bullets in this gun, and I have a present for George Bush. I am going to kill nine Soldiers. I am doing this for the viewers to watch. God is greater. God is greater.” With that, he makes his way from the vehicle, and a series of separate scenes follow showing several individuals shot in action.
A second “Juba” video was distributed in 2006 in western Baghdad and released on the Internet in late October 2006. The video contained an interview with the supposed commander of the Baghdad sniper division, the footage shows numerous firs being trained in the use of sniper rifles. The video discusses the alleged fear generated in coalition forces by insurgency snipers and shows “Juba” returning from a sniping mission, marking a tally of 37 on a wall. The sniper then sits down to make a diary entry. The video claims that there are dozens of snipers operating within the IAI and other factions, and shows more being trained. The rest of the video shows numerous clips of U.S. soldiers being sniped with nasheed music in the background, and an insurgent commander explaining that his men are inspired and trained to an extent based on the information in the book The Ultimate Sniper by retired Major and U.S. Army sniper John Plaster.