Southern Russia is a region in Russia bordering the country’s Central and Volga Regions to the north, Kazakhstan and the Caspian Sea to the east, Azerbaijan and Georgia to the south, the Black Sea and Ukraine to the west. Southern Russia boasts the nicest climate in the country, with warm Black Sea beach resorts, as well as Russia’s most mountainous and exotic cultural destinations in the North Caucasus.
Crimea A region of Ukraine that was annexed by the Russian Federation in March 2014. Although this annexation is officially disputed by Ukraine and the Western powers, it can nevertheless be considered part of Russia by visitors.
As of March 2014, the Crimean peninsula is under the de facto control of Russia, which considers it an integral part of its territory. Most countries do not recognize the annexation and consider it to still be part of Ukraine, though under Russian occupation. Nonetheless, unless the situation changes, those wanting to visit Crimea (despite cautions against doing so) will have to proceed as if it is part of Russia. Do not attempt to travel from Russia via Crimea to any point under Ukraine’s control, as Ukrainian law will treat this as unlawful entry to Ukraine. This is not a political endorsement of claims by any side in the dispute over the sovereignty of this territory.
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